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Switch Topology

Created by dave. Last edited by dave, 11 years and 125 days ago. Viewed 2,283 times. #7
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Goal

Query a bunch of switches via snmp, specifically their switching tables, and figure out how to draw a topology map from the resulting information.

Notes Pages

Now things get complicated. Four new things all at once: Python, Python snmp, Postgres, and Python Postgres.

First target achieved:

A python script that scans the arp table on the router and the switching table on all the switches, then loads the information into a postgres database. The script identifies the mac address for each script, and we can query the database for that mac address.

$ time python y2
Router scan: cisco-10
Scanning: 3c39t1-06 0:80:3e:a9:4a:ef
Scanning: 3c4005-01 0:20:9c:23:e2:70
Scanning: 3c42t1-02 0:18:6e:3d:1:42
Scanning: 3c42t1-01 0:f:cb:32:7f:40
Scanning: 3c39t1-02 0:80:3e:a7:17:a7
Scanning: cisco-10 0:f:90:f2:2e:c5
Scanning: 3c39t2-04 0:80:3e:a9:43:96
Scanning: 3c39t2-05 0:80:3e:a9:43:1f
Scanning: 3c39t2-01 0:80:3e:a9:39:1f
Scanning: 3c43t1-02 0:5:1a:a:30:e0
Scanning: 3c39t2-03 0:80:3e:bb:2b:2a
Scanning: 3c39t1-01 0:80:3e:a9:3a:af
Scanning: 3c43t1-01 0:4:b:fd:ae:a0

real 0m51.099s user 0m10.031s sys 0m0.211s

switchdb=# select switch, destination from switchingtable where target = '0:f:90:f2:2e:c5';

switch | destination -----------+------------- 3c39t1-06 | 37 3c4005-01 | 49 3c42t1-01 | 49 3c39t1-02 | 37 3c39t2-05 | 37 3c39t2-01 | 37 3c43t1-02 | 49 3c39t2-03 | 36 3c39t1-01 | 37 3c43t1-01 | 49 (10 rows)

This means we can run algorithm tests without having to snooze through a two minute data-gathering exercise first.

Start figuring out the connectivity

This is a graphing problem. Each switch is reachable through a collection of ports, each on other switches. One of these ports is the local neighbor.

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This is a collection of techical information, much of it learned the hard way. Consider it a lab book or a /info directory. I doubt much of it will be of use to anyone else.

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